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Globally, buildings are responsible for a huge share of energy, electricity, water and materials consumption. The building sector has the greatest potential to deliver significant cuts in emissions at little or no cost. Buildings account for 18% of global emissions today, or the equivalent of 9 billion tonnes of CO2 annually. If new technologies in construction are not adopted during this time of rapid growth, emissions could double by 2050. Green building practices aim to reduce the environmental impact of building. Since construction almost always degrades a building site, not building at all is preferable to green building, in terms of reducing environmental impact. The second rule is that every building should be as small as possible. The third rule is not to contribute to sprawl, even if the most energy-efficient, environmentally sound methods are used in design and construction.
Environmental and Ecological concerns have come to the fore in more recent years and as well as the change in individuals own preferences to meet those concerns there has also been a more concerted effort by central and local government to ensure the building industry and housing providers meet strict environmental objectives.
This has not only effected how we as builders design and build but also how we select materials and dispose of any waste arising from the work undertaken. As part of the design process we can advise on suitable materials and equipment that will help deliver a more environmentally friendly and sustainable property. This can range from increased thermal insulation, sustainable energy sources, and Greener sourced materials to name but a few. Another important consideration is not only what you use in the design but how you deal with waste and deleterious materials plus a consideration of the embodied energy within each material sourced. (Embodied Energy is the Energy needed to make the material itself or in getting that material to the property location ie petrol used from warehouse etc)
Although new technologies are constantly being developed to complement current practices in creating greener structures, the common objective of green buildings is to reduce the overall impact of the built environment on human health and the natural environment by:
A similar concept is natural building, which is usually on a smaller scale and tends to focus on the use of natural materials that are available locally. Other related topics include sustainable design and green architecture. Sustainability may be defined as meeting the needs of present generations without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs. Although some green building programs don’t address the issue of retrofitting existing homes, others do, especially through public schemes for energy efficient refurbishment. Green construction principles can easily be applied to retrofit work as well as new construction